The Capital Markets Authority (CMA) was set up in 1989 through an Act of Parliament Cap. 485A Laws of Kenya. The CMA is a statutory agency charged with the prime responsibility of regulating the development of orderly, fair and efficient capital markets in Kenya, with a view of promoting market integrity and investor confidence.
Capital Markets Fraud Defined
Fraud is defined as willful misrepresentation of the truth with intent to deceive by one party resulting in actual or potential loss to another party or illegitimate gain to the fraudster. This includes fraudulent sale of client shares, Insider trading, market manipulation, stealing of client funds, and manipulation of client records among other offences
Capital Markets Fraud Investigation Unit (CMFIU)
The Capital Market Fraud Investigations Unit (CMFIU) was formed in May 2009 through collaboration by the Kenya Police and Capital Markets Authority (CMA) with a view of consolidating the investigations of all securities related fraud cases under one roof.
Functions of The Capital Markets Fraud Investigation Unit.
- Detection, prevention and apprehension of offenders perpetrating fraud within the Securities market.
- Collection, analysis and dissemination of relevant criminal intelligence, within the market.
- Investigation and prosecution of detected / reported cases relating to the Securities market.
- Act as liaison unit between the Authority and other investigative agencies.
- Co-ordinates with the Authority’s Investigation and Enforcement Department whereby it takes up matters which have a criminal aspect for investigation and prosecution whilst the Authority’s Investigation & Enforcement Department pursues compliance with the Capital Markets Regulatory framework.
- Assist members of the public in the spirit of “Utumishi kwa wote” on relevant capital market issues.
Examples of fraud offences
- Impersonation of investors and undertaking unauthorised transactions in their securities accounts.
- Collection and encashment of sales proceeds by fraudsters posing as genuine investors.
- Unauthorised variation of client details in securities accounts.
- Conducting trade of securities on basis of information that has not yet been released to the market/general public.(Insider trading).
The Capital Markets Fraud Investigation Unit deals with matters which involve criminal aspects as per the examples set out above. Upon finalising investigations, the Capital Markets Fraud Investigation Unit pursues prosecution of identified suspects. The standard of proof for sustaining successful prosecution of persons suspected of criminal offences is generally submission of proof beyond reasonable doubt by the prosecution. Penalties range from fines of up to Ksh15,000,000.00 or a jail term of up to 7 years.
Other matters involving failure to comply with the Capital Markets Regulatory Framework, for example failure to submit financial reports or breaches on rules of governance and conduct of business are handled administratively by the Authority. The Authority is empowered to investigate and undertake enforcement/regulatory action. In respect of such breaches for a balance of probability for it to exercise its administrative mandate, the scope of actions include fines, censures and disqualifications of persons from holding positions in the industry.
Reporting Fraudulent Activity
Report abuses in the industry to the Capital Markets Fraud Investigation Unit using the contacts below:
Telephone numbers; 0714693414/0714693365, 0731544389, 0773199622
CAPITAL MARKETS AUTHORITY
Embankment Plaza, 3rd floor, Longonot Road, Upper hill,
P.O. Box 74800-00200, Nairobi.
Cell:-+254 722 207767,734651550, 2226225